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types of Cyber Security

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Different Types of Cyber Security


There are various types of Cyber Security. A typical type of cyber security involves a person or an entity utilizing computer networks for the purpose of malicious activity such as illegal activity, deceptive acts, the transmission of confidential information or to steal financial information. A cyber security threat refers to any potential malicious attack which seeks to illegally access information, disrupt electronic processes or even damage physical data. Cyber threats may originate from various external actors, such as state-sponsored hackers, international criminals, international terrorists, rogue nation-states, international terrorist groups and lone hackers. Each of these cyber security threats have unique characteristics, capabilities and reasons for being employed by their respective parties.

Password Attacks:

Password Attacks: In this type of cyber security a hacker or group of hackers use weak password codes or personal identification numbers (PINs) to gain access to secured areas of a network. Hackers or groups of hackers frequently use password attacks in order to gain unauthorized access to company or network resources. This means that an organization’s network or system is not only under threat of password attacks; they also present themselves to be easy targets when it comes to security breach. As an example, an improperly implemented security system or application or weakly designed software can provide cyber attackers with the ability to bypass layer of security and gain access to the inner workings of a company or organization. Therefore, organizations should implement a comprehensive program that focuses on preventing the usage of weak passwords.

Data Storage Attacks:

Data Storage Attacks: A form of cyber security occurs when cyber attackers gain access to a company’s or organization’s data storage devices. Cyber criminals can easily hijack data storage devices such as memory sticks, thumb drives, laptops, portable media players, compact disks and other devices that contain personal information like credit cards and social security cards. They can then proceed to systematically examine, collect, encrypt, remove and misplace personal information in a systematic fashion. With this stolen information they can then distribute or sell to others, or they may use the information for illegal activities such as identity theft. It should be noted that most data storage devices are not firewalls or otherwise fully protected from attack by cyber attackers.

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Networking and Online Security Program:

Networking and Online Security Program: Many types of cyber attacks take place when a business or an individual is compromised by another organization or online security program. These types of attacks include data theft that takes place when a hacker remotely accesses a network or an online security program and steals personal information including financial details, customer lists, and other sensitive company or organization information. Some other forms of attacks include denial of service attacks, which means an attacker creates a situation in which an entire network or online security system is inaccessible or prevents normal services from operating. Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks take place when attackers overload or intentionally send too many response requests to a system or online security program, causing it to either stop functioning or experience a delayed response.

Cloud Security:

Cloud Security: Some types of DDoS attacks originate from attack servers hosted elsewhere, often through the cloud. For example, a data center may be attacked by attackers using a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack to overload website servers. In a cloud security environment, businesses have the added advantage of being able to mitigate their own risk from malicious attacks while moving resources and processing power to a different location. The cloud also provides another benefit that comes from being able to scale up and down based on demand.

Computer-related phishing attacks are one of the most common types of cyber attacks. Attackers send fake emails demanding important information that only the victim would know. Some phishing attacks use spoofed email addresses that make it impossible for the victims to recognize that the messages are not coming from a real company. Online criminals also use automated systems that scan websites for security flaws and then transmit highly-personalized spam to millions of people. The main objective of these phishing attacks is to obtain access to sensitive information that the victims could use against their targets. In other words, they put their fingers on the pulse of their targeted customers.


Computer intrusion and data theft are the other major types of cyberattacks that require immediate response. Meanwhile, data theft involves illegal access to another person’s personal information that may involve financial fraud and identity theft.

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